USDA APHIS Import Alert: HPAI Restrictions on Avian Commodities Originating from or Transiting through Zones in Nova Scotia and Ontario, Canada
Issuance Date: April 29, 2022
February 3, 2022—Nova Scotia Zone 1
February 11, 2022—Nova Scotia Zone 2
March 26, 2022—PCZ-01 in Ontario (previously Ontario Zone1)
March 28, 2022—PCZ-02 in Ontario (previously Ontario Zone 2)
March 31, 2022—PCZ-03 in Ontario
April 2, 2022—PCZ-04 in Ontario
April 4, 2022—PCZ-05 in Ontario
April 5, 2022—PCZ-07 in Ontario
April 7, 2022—PCZ-06 in Ontario and PCZ-11 in Alberta
April 8, 2022—PCZ-08 and PCZ-10 in Ontario
April 10, 2022—PCZ-09 in Ontario
April 11, 2022—PCZ-13 through PCZ-17 in Alberta
April 13, 2022—PCZ-12 in Ontario
Effective on the dates listed above and until further notice, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Veterinary Services (VS) is restricting the importation of poultry, commercial birds, ratites, avian hatching eggs, unprocessed avian products and byproducts, and certain fresh poultry products originating from or transiting eight zones in Southern Ontario (PCZ-03 to PCZ-09 and PCZ-12), one zone in Eastern Ontario (PCZ-10), and six zones in Southern Alberta (PCZ-11 and PCZ-13 to PCZ-17).
As previously announced, VS continues to restrict the importation of poultry, commercial birds, ratites, avian hatching eggs, unprocessed avian products and byproducts, and certain fresh poultry products from Nova Scotia Zone 1 (effective February 3, 2022), Nova Scotia Zone 2 (effective February 11, 2022), Ontario Zone 1 (now PCZ-01) [effective March 26, 2022], and Ontario Zone 2 (now PCZ-02) [effective March 28, 2022]. Any of these commodities originating from or transiting one of these restricted zones are prohibited, based on the diagnosis of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in domestic birds.
VS is renaming the Ontario zones for consistency with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) public reporting on the HPAI outbreaks. Maps of Nova Scotia zones are posted on the APHIS website. Maps of the Ontario and Alberta zones are also available on the CFIA Avian Influenza Zones website.
Also previously announced, effective December 19, 2021, APHIS requires a health certificate from the CFIA and an import permit for pet and zoo birds, as well as columbiformes, such as pigeons and doves, imported from Canada.
Pet birds, zoo birds, and columbiformes originating from or transiting a restricted zone must fly directly to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, or Miami International Airport in Florida to undergo a 30-day federal quarantine that includes mandatory testing.
Under these restrictions, processed avian products and byproducts originating from or transiting a restricted zone, imported as cargo, must be accompanied by an APHIS import permit and/or government certification confirming that the products were treated according to APHIS requirements.
Fresh, unprocessed shell/table eggs and other egg products, void of the shell (i.e., liquid eggs, dried egg whites) originating from or transiting a restricted zone, imported as cargo, are prohibited unless they are consigned from the port of arrival directly to an APHIS-approved breaking and pasteurization facility. An import permit and/or certificate is/are not required for these shipments when consigned to an APHIS-approved establishment.
Processed avian products and byproducts, including egg/egg products, for personal use originating from or transiting a restricted zone and entering in passenger baggage must:
- have a thoroughly cooked appearance;
- be shelf-stable as a result of APHIS-approved packaging and cooking (i.e., packaged in hermetically sealed containers and cooked by a commercial method after such packing to produce articles that are shelf-stable without refrigeration); and
- be accompanied by an APHIS import permit and/or government certification confirming that the products/byproducts were treated according to APHIS requirements.
Unprocessed avian products and byproducts originating from or transiting a restricted zone will not be permitted to enter the United States. This includes hunter-harvested meat. Non-fully finished avian hunting trophies must be consigned to an APHIS-approved taxidermy establishment.
These restrictions will be updated as additional epidemiological information is obtained. Current information can be found on the APHIS website.