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USDA APHIS Import Alert: HPAI Restrictions on Avian Commodities Originating from or Transiting through Two Zones in Nova Scotia, Canada

Issuance Date: February 25, 2022     

Effective Dates: 

February 3, 2022—Nova Scotia Zone 1February 11, 2022—Nova Scotia Zone 2 (Windsor)

Effective February 11, 2022, and until further notice, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Veterinary Services (VS) is restricting the importation of poultry, commercial birds, ratites, avian hatching eggs, unprocessed avian products and byproducts, and certain fresh poultry products from a 10-kilometer zone located in the Windsor municipality of Nova Scotia, Canada (Nova Scotia Zone 2). Any of these commodities that originate from or transit through Nova Scotia Zone 2 are prohibited, based on the diagnosis of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in domestic birds.

As previously announced, VS continues to restrict the importation of poultry, commercial birds, ratites, avian hatching eggs, unprocessed avian products and byproducts, and certain fresh poultry products from another 10-kilometer zone in Nova Scotia (now Nova Scotia Zone 1), effective February 3, 2022. See Appendix 1 for a map and description of Nova Scotia Zones 1 and 2.

In addition, following the HPAI outbreak in Newfoundland and Labrador, VS is requiring a health certificate from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and an import permit for pet and zoo birds, as well as columbiformes, such as pigeons and doves, that are imported from Canada (effective December 19, 2021).

Pet birds, zoo birds, and columbiformes that originate from or transit through a zone in Canada that APHIS considers HPAI-affected must fly directly to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York or Miami, Florida to undergo a 30-day federal quarantine that includes mandatory testing.

Under these restrictions, processed avian products and byproducts that originate from or transit through Nova Scotia Zones 1 or 2, imported as cargo, must be accompanied by an APHIS import permit and/or government certification confirming that the products were treated according to APHIS requirements.

Fresh, unprocessed shell/table eggs and other egg products, void of the shell (i.e., liquid eggs, dried egg whites) that originate from or transit through Nova Scotia Zones 1 or 2, imported as cargo, are prohibited unless they are consigned from the port of arrival directly to an APHIS-approved breaking and pasteurization facility. An import permit and/or certificate is/are not required for these shipments when consigned to an APHIS-approved establishment.

Processed avian products and byproducts, including egg/egg products, for personal use that originate from or transit through Nova Scotia Zones 1 or 2 and entering in passenger baggage must:

  • have a thoroughly cooked appearance;
  • be shelf-stable as a result of APHIS-approved packaging and cooking (i.e., packaged in hermetically sealed containers and cooked by a commercial method after such packing to produce articles that are shelf-stable without refrigeration); and
  • be accompanied by an APHIS import permit and/or government certification confirming that the products/byproducts were treated according to APHIS requirements.

Unprocessed avian products and byproducts that originate from or transit through Nova Scotia Zones 1 or 2 will not be permitted to enter the United States. This includes hunter-harvested meat. Non-fully finished avian hunting trophies must be consigned to an APHIS-approved taxidermy establishment.

These restrictions will be updated as additional epidemiological information is obtained. Current information can be found on the APHIS website.

Appendix: Map and description of Nova Scotia Zones 1 and 2

Figure 1: Map of Nova Scotia Zone 1

Nova Scotia Import Alert Zone

Description: The Nova Scotia Zone 1 is delimited as follows:

  • To the NORTH by the community of Kingsport and route NS-221.
  • To the WEST by routes NS-358, NS-341, Middle Dyke Road, Cornwallis River Crossing Road and Canaan Mountain Road.
  • To the SOUTH by Sunken Lake, Black River Lake and Eldridge Road.
  • To the EAST by the community of Hantsport.

Figure 2: Map of Nova Scotia Zone 2

HPAI in Nova Scotia Zone 2 Update

Description—Nova Scotia Zone 2 is delimited as follows:

  • To the NORTH, by route NS-101.
  • To the EAST, by Panuke Road.
  • To the SOUTH, by the power line at the south of Windsor Back Road.
  • To the WEST, by the Avon River.